In OCA1A, the enzyme is inactive and no melanin is produced, leading to white hair and very light skin. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation. Email alerts New issue alert. OCA is further split into seven types depending on the mutations. Biology and genetics of oculocutaneous albinism and vitiligo - common pigmentation disorders in southern Africa [Abstract]. While possible if the mother is a carrier of ocular albinism and the father has ocular albinism, it is extremely rare. Fast facts on albinism Here are some key points about albinism.
In the eye, some melanin is found in the retinal portions of the ciliary body and iris, but not in the pigment epithelium of the retina in the posterior part of the eye.
Albinism in humans
To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. In addition to albinism, HPS is associated with bleeding problems and bruising. For the most part, treatment of the eye conditions consists of visual rehabilitation. Therefore, the tests for the albinism gene may be inconclusive. With autosomal recessive inheritance, an individual must receive faulty copies of a gene from the mother and father to develop albinism. Holy Indian sadhu with albinism.